The world’s largest museum | Hermitage

Posted by on October 24, 2013

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The Hermitage museum features a total of 3,000,000 artworks in its collection and it is one of the oldest and largest museums in the world. Located in St. Petersburg, Russia it is four times larger than the Louvre in Paris (the busiest museum in the world). Founded by Catherine the Great in 1764 and is open to the public since 1852. Among the museum’s collections it also includes works of inestimable value, such as Van Gogh, Rembrandt and Picasso.

Hermitage museum

Hermitage museum

It consists of a complex of six buildings  four of which are open to the public.

Hermitage museum

Hermitage museum

Catherine the Great had a collection of 4,000 paintings, 38,000 books , 10,000 gems , 10,000 drawings and 16,000 coins and medals until her death in 1796.

Hermitage museum

Hermitage museum

The museum opened its doors for the first time in 1852 and since then the collection is growing. During the Russian Revolution, the Imperial Hermitage was seriously damaged though declared public museum, and after its end, the Museum hosted the October Revolution of the Winter Palace, which closed in the mid 1930’s. During the years 1932-1934, works from the collections of the Hermitage sold on the initiative of the Soviet government fundraising. An estimated 2,880 paintings were stolen and a small part of them participated in auctions. At the same time, projects forwarded from the Hermitage in other Russian museums such as the Pushkin Museum in Moscow. Losing projects continued on a smaller scale in the coming years until the end of the Second World War in 1945. During the war, the museum after being evacuated, suffered new damage, while a significant part of the collections of preserved and stored until its reopening.

Hermitage museum

Hermitage museum

The museum is closed on Mondays and every last Thursday of the month the entrance is free.

By Nicole P.

Hermitage museum photos: Harlani Salim.

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